Hay, hay and more hay! Hay should make up 75% or more of your rabbit's daily diet. Leafy Greens and Veggies should make up about 15% of a rabbit's daily diet. Pellets, fruit and treats should be fed sparingly roughly 10%.
Pellets, Fruit & Treats
Hay is the most important part of your rabbit's diet. Not only does it help to keep their teeth trimmed and free of infection, it helps to prevent Gastrointestinal complications. Your rabbit should always have hay available. Feed Timothy hay to your adult rabbit and Alfalfa Hay to the babies and nursing mothers.
Leafy + Non Leafy Greens
Make sure your rabbit gets their leafy greens and veggies everyday!
Not all veggies/leafy greens are safe so it is important to know what you can and cannot feed them with specific limitations to certain ones.
You should feed your rabbit 1-2 cups of veggies per day depending on their age and weight.
Common ratio for a healthy rabbit is (per 2lbs of rabbit):
It is noted to avoid foods in the onion family ie. onion, leeks and chives.
Carrots although a vegetable, have high sugar content and should be fed in small amounts.
Visit The House Rabbit Society page for a list of safe foods!
Pellets, Fruit and Treats
When choosing the type of pellet, look for a brand that is high in fiber and made with Timothy Hay (adults) or Alfalfa Hay (babies). Extruded pellets are often your best choice, as each pellet has the same amount of nutrients as the next. It is recommended to feed no more than 1/4 to 1/3 cup of pellets per day per 6 lbs of an adult rabbit. Babies under 12 months and nursing mothers should have an unlimited supply of high quality alfalfa pellets together with alfalfa hay.
Fruits and treats are high in sugar and should be limited to approximately 1 tsp per 2 lbs of body weight, 2-3 times per week at the most. Domestic rabbits are prone to obesity and tooth decay, therefore the intake of sweets should be limited.